sexta-feira, 9 de dezembro de 2011

Petição para a prevalência da democracia sobre as politicas de austeridade

Pensa este blogue que a questão do euro deixou de ser uma questão ideológica para passar a ser uma questão técnica, em que tanto economistas de direita como os das agencias de notação financeira, como o presidente dos USA, como os economistas das 22 medidas, aterrados e  mais ou menos de esquerda, defendem um papel para o BCE semelhante ao da reserva federal dos USA, com emissão de moeda quando necessário (não se venha com o fantasma da inflação porque há regras que permitem o seu controle).

Por isso aqui se deixa a referencia da petição da Avaaz.
Não percam o artigo de P.Krugman, a ultima referncia citada no texto ("...a central bank morbidly obsessed with inflation").

"Aterrorizados pelos grandes bancos, os governantes da União Europeia querem alterar as regras para impedir os investimentos públicos vultosos.
Isso é uma loucura: nos anos 30 foram esses investimentos que permitiram à Europa e aos USA escapar à grande depressão.
A Europa precisa de disciplinar e regular os bancos, não de lhes subordinar o direito dos eleitores a escolher politicas que criem empregos."

Excerto do texto da petição que pode ser assinada em:
 http://www.avaaz.org/en/democracy_trumps_austerity/?vl 





Panicked by big banks, EU governments – all but 5 of which are conservative-led -- want to change our constitutions and the EU treaty to permanently ban high public spending. This is nuts: in the 1930s such spending was precisely what allowed Europe and the US to escape the Great Depression. Europe needs to toughen up and regulate the banks, not surrender to them our right to choose policies that create jobs. Not now, and certainly not for ever.
Dear friends,


In 24 hours EU leaders may take an axe to our jobs and our democracy. But our votes can block this. If we send a massive signal to the summit that we won't surrender our rights and our future, we can change their minds. Sign the petition urging leaders to reject austerity and save our economy: 

Sign the petition!
Tomorrow EU leaders may wave through a crazy Merkel/Sarkozy plan that would abolish our right to choose sane economic policies. But, together, we can stop our leaders trashing our democracy and our jobs.

Panicked by big banks, EU governments – all but 5 of which are conservative-led -- want to change our constitutions and the EU treaty to permanently ban high public spending. This is nuts: in the 1930s such spending was precisely what allowed Europe and the US to escape the Great Depression. Europe needs to toughen up and regulate the banks, not surrender to them our right to choose policies that create jobs. Not now, and certainly not for ever.

Democracy is our trump card. The 27 EU leaders can’t just agree this plan themselves -- they need to come up with solutions that will stand the test of referenda or parliamentary votes. If we raise a mass chorus from across Europe today we can change their political calculations and force a rethink. Let's call on our leaders to reject austerity, regulate the banks, and invest in our future. If we reach 100,000 signers we'll deliver the petition to the waiting media outside tomorrow's summit. Sign and send to everyone. 

http://www.avaaz.org/en/democracy_trumps_austerity/?vl 

A few Eurozone countries used the single currency as an excuse to over-spend and Europe needs to stop that happening again. But short-circuiting democracy always backfires and can provoke a right-wing backlash. The tough economic decisions Europe needs must be taken by strong, democratic, accountable institutions. Even Germany has repeatedly violated, and is currently violating, it's own promises to limit its debt and deficit. Keeping those promises would have been counter-productive at a time when money is tight. 

The hawkish bond buyers have already toppled three European governments -- let's make that the limit. If Germany allows it the European Central Bank can do what other central banks do -- intervene to guarantee government bonds and face down the markets. Since Italy isn't bankrupt the bank can even make money on this. If the ECB buys time the EU can find a more sensible and democratic way out of the current crisis, including through new measures to tax speculation and channel credit to those of us who need it most.

This is about the survival of the European welfare state, which represents our core values and helps stabilise our economies when recessions hit. If the new constitutions and treaties are agreed this week our governments would have to keep cutting spending on unemployment insurance, pensions and health, worsening the recession. It's a no brainer. For the sake of our democracies, our societies and our economies, we have to say no. Sign the petition: 

http://www.avaaz.org/en/democracy_trumps_austerity/?vl 

Reasonable people can disagree about the best way to protect us all from national overspending and crippling debt. But imposing austerity measures that we already know won't work and tying the hands of our democracy is not the answer. Over and over again, our community has stood up and won real accountability from our leaders when they have tried to bypass us -- now we must come together and demand to be heard once again. 

With hope, 

Alex, Emma, Ricken, Jamie, Pascal, Giulia, Stephanie, Laura and the rest of the Avaaz team. 

More information: 

Germany’s Denial, Europe’s Disaster (New York Times)
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/30/opinion/germanys-denial-europes-disaster.html?_r=2&hp

Merkozy EU Treaty plan faces obstacles (Der Spiegel)
http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,802221,00.html

Eurozone warned of credit downgrades after Germany and France strike deal (The Guardian)
http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2011/dec/05/eurozone-credit-downgrade-germany-france?INTCMP=SRCH

Killing the Euro (New York Times)
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/30/opinion/germanys-denial-europes-disaster.html?_r=2&hp

Is the euro zone’s flaw fatal? (Washington Post)
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/02/opinion/krugman-killing-the-euro.html?src=ISMR_AP_LO_MST_FB

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